The Piceno area is one of the most developed in the Marche Region as far as wine production is concerned. From the hills above the Adriatic coast to the slopes of Mount Ascensione and the Sibillini Mountains, the landscape is marked by vineyards and olive groves. The Piceno territory has always been renowned for its awarded red wines. Today, thanks to the commitment of local enologists, white wines have gradually captured the attention of the market and achieved significant sales.
The Rosso Piceno D.O.C. label (literally Controlled designation of origin) was established in 1968 and later modified in 1997 and 2005. This blend of Montepulciano (35% to 70%) and Sangiovese (30% to 50%) is mostly produced in the Marche Region. The Regulation on the production of this variety of red wine permits the use of up to a maximum of 15% of other local, non-aromatic red grapes.
On the other hand, the Rosso Piceno Superiore is produced in a very limited area: Acquaviva Picena, Castorano and Offida as well as in some areas of the districts of Appignano del Tronto, Ascoli Piceno, Castel di Lama, Colli del Tronto, Grottammare, Monsampolo del Tronto, Monteprandone, Ripatransone, San Benedetto del Tronto e Spinetoli. The Rosso Piceno Superiore must be refined in wooden barrels for at least one year.
The Falerio D.O.C. label was established in 1975 and later modified in 1997 and 2003. This wine is a blend of Trebbiano Toscano (20% to 50%), Passerina (10% to 30%) and Pecorino (10% to 30%). A maximum of 20% of other local white grapes are permitted, provided they have been approved by the Province of Ascoli Piceno.
The Offida D.O.C.G. label (literally Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin), formerly Offida D.O.C., was established in 2011 and was awarded to the following varieties of wine: Pecorino, Passerina and Rosso. According to D.O.C.G. Regulation, their specific organoleptic and analytical characteristics cannot be reproduced in a different geographical area.
Pecorino can be made as a varietal wine provided it makes up at least 85% of the blend. Up to a maximum of 15% of other local, non-aromatic white grapes are permitted to fill in the remainder.
Passerina can be made as a varietal wine provided it makes up at least 85% of the blend. Up to a maximum of 15% of other local, non-aromatic white grapes are permitted to fill in the remainder.
Offida Rosso must contain at least 85% of Montepulciano grapes with other local, non-aromatic red grapes permitted to complete the blend.
The production of Pecorino and Passerina is allowed within the following districts: Acquaviva Picena, Appignano del Tronto, Castel di Lama, Castorano, Castignano, Cossignano, Montefiore dell’Aso, Offida and Ripatransone, as well as in some areas of the districts of Ascoli Piceno, Colli del Tronto, Campofilone, Carassai, Cupramarittima, Grottammare, Montalto Marche, Massignano, Monsampolo del Tronto, Montedinove, Monteprandone, Pedaso, Petritoli, Rotella, San Benedetto del Tronto, Spinetoli.
As far as Offida Rosso is concerned, it can be produced exclusively within the following districts: Ripatransone, Offida, Acquaviva Picena, Castorano, Castel di Lama, Cossignano and Appignano del Tronto as well as in some areas of the districts of Ascoli Piceno, Colli del Tronto, Spinetoli, Monsampolo del Tronto, Grottammare, Massignano, Carassai, Montefiore dell’Aso, Montalto Marche, Castignano, Monteprandone e San Benedetto del Tronto. What makes Offida Rosso special is its 24-month fining, 12 of which in wooden barrel and 3 in bottle.